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Joint Family | Definition of Joint Family ?

Definition of Joint Family

A family where all family member live together like like grand parents, parents, uncle, aunts and their children is called a joint family

Importance of Joint Family:

 The importance of the joint family has been understood from Indian times.But as young people move forward with their lifestyles, they feel ashamed to live in common with their parents and grandparents. These people are usually remembered from time to time by a lot of fun, care, and great guidance, which can cause problems like loneliness and hopelessness in the future. In a joint family, all members share all costs, tasks and other matters equally with other family members, so the workload does not seem to be for any individual. All children receive an equal share of love, care, guidance and education by great grandparents so that they do not lose anything for the rest of their lives.

Similarly, they can easily get help from their parents. Young children receive instructional guidance from their uncles, aunts and other family members. Resources shared with cousins ​​and sisters can help parents reduce costs for their children. During larger occasions such as weddings, birthdays, engagements and anniversaries, the entire work can be easily shared with members so that the event can be a success. This reduces the burden from parents.

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Advantage of Joint Family

Family Values:
 Children are learning to grow up in joint families to share, care and respect everyone. They also learn to sympathize with the people around them. Values ​​and culture can only be taught in joint families


 Growing up with parents, siblings, aunts and relatives gives children the opportunity to communicate with everyone and form close bonds. Especially bonding with relatives, played by almost every child is only found in joint families

Separation of labor: 

The joint family works as a large group and has proper labor. Family members come together and celebrate their bond. Also, festive craze is celebrated on a large scale in joint families.

 A child is never alone:

If you are a working mother living in a joint family, you can be confident about your child's daily needs. If you are worried about who feeds or cares for him when he is sick, you do not need it. As you know in the joint family, people always look after him there.

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Double the happiness:

If you have ever been in a joint family, you should have experienced that sharing small joys and achievements with your family can bring them much joy. Even small achievements can be enjoyed by everyone. And in moments of grief, your family is always there to support you.

You learn the art of sharing:

If you see a child who is raised in a nuclear family and a child in a joint family, you will see a difference in their behavior. A child brought with many is clearly more social but also has a habit of sharing. Living in a joint family creates a habit of sharing from an early age. If your child has chocolate, they know that it should be distributed among their siblings and cousins. As a child, he may not want to share it, but it prepares him for the future. The habit of giving and sharing makes you the person everyone loves. By living in a joint family you focus on ‘we’ rather than ‘us’.

You learn to respect yourself:

When grown up in a family with many adults, respect for others increases. Putting your tongue around the elders, respecting and following them… somehow shapes your personality. And the person who treats and treats others is always appreciated.

Books beyond education:

The education of children living with aunts, uncles, cousins ​​and grandparents is not limited to academics and school, but their educational horizons are very wide. While living with grandparents, a child becomes acquainted with the world of his time. With aunts and uncles, he was familiar with their struggles. Overall, the joint family member finds that there is more to education than just school books.

Love and care:

The sum of love and care in a joint family cannot be described in words. If you are sick or unhappy, you will never be alone. People are always there to take care of you. This is the main benefit of living in a joint family; The love you get is very enjoyable and you can never pay it back.

The concept of sharpness:

If you live in a joint family, you may think that your child will never be bored or alone. He always has cousins ​​as his companions for the crime. He never loses friends because he never plays his friends. As he grows, his bond with his cousins ​​improves. In a crowded world, your child will have someone to share their problem with.

One becomes a social friend:

The person from the joint family knows how to communicate with people of different ages. Living together with one's elders, siblings, nieces and nephews enhances their personality. All of these basic elements of communication needed to live a happy life in the community are immersed in the same way from scratch.

Therefore, growing up in a family with different people has some advantages. If you live in a nuclear family, it is difficult to reconcile with many. But, choose wisely. It's not as bad as you think.

In this modern world, when a family is limited to 4 members, living in a joint family is clearly challenging. But, if you want to make your life fun and enjoyable together, think about living in a joint family. There will be struggles, compromises, and sacrifices, but at the end of the day, you have too many to rely on.

Therefore, make a wise decision and remember that you can always overcome the harm that comes with patience and love. Above all, there are also some wonderful benefits to the joint family, especially if your children love grandparents!

Disadvantage of Joint Family

Privacy is compromised:
Lack of privacy among people living in a joint family is a common complaint. You are never alone If you are sad and want to be alone, crying to send it out, you don't want to cry on your couch and tell your sad stories to your pillow. This is not possible if you live in a joint family. Everyone knows about family members and this can interfere with daily affairs. Too often, this intervention is not appreciated and people end up hiding things in such a way that they care about their own business. You will always be surrounded by people and they will try to help you, but sometimes it becomes too much.

Lack of freedom of expression: Lack of freedom of expression as members are not allowed to speak in public and oppression of views.

Financial Responsibility:

In a joint family, it’s all about the ‘we’. When it comes to financial responsibility, generally, the 'karta' (head of the family) handles the financial matters while other male members of the family cooperate. However, sometimes the burden of 2 or more families rests on the 'doer' of the family, and other members become passive and the burden on one person increases.

Interventions on parenting style: Many adults with diverse thinking and lifestyles can advise parents on what to do and what not to do. Almost everything related to child care and parenting can go wrong from diapers to nutrition. Such intrusions are even more embarrassing and annoying for a fresh mother.

Everyone makes a small decision

The problem of living in a joint family must also go through a small decision and be cleared by every member of the family, especially the head of the family. About going out after 7 pm or sleeping in a friend's place. Sometimes, even trivial things get so much attention that it can hurt you.

Interruption in offspring

Living in a joint family sometimes leaves you with the right decision for your child. As a mother, you cannot raise your child the way you want to, because there are other people in the house who are teaching you what to do and what not to do. This will hinder your parenting style and eventually it will increase your anger.

A typical kitchen character

Generally, in a joint family, all female members are cooked together and all. When it comes to food, everyone’s choices are different and meeting everyone’s demands often leaves them tired. Also, people cannot cook what they want and they must strictly follow family rules. If the family is vegetarian, cooking eggs or carnivores in the same kitchen is difficult.

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Characteristics of joint Family

  • The joint family consists of at least three generations - grandparents, parents and children.

  • All members of the joint family live under one roof, and form a single home.

  • There is a common fireplace or kitchen.

  • Usually, members of the joint family participate in regular worship.

  • The joint family will share a purse, or share the expenses of accumulating all income.

  • Joint family members own common property. Generally, the head of the family manages the property on behalf of its members.

  • A large male or female member of the family heads the family and has considerable authority over the members.

  • By nature, the joint family is larger in size because it has three nuclear families and three generations living together.

  • In former times, the joint family was a self-sustaining unit, meeting the financial, psychological, psychological, educational, medical, recreational and other needs of the members. However, other organizations and organizations are meeting these needs today.

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Types of Joint Family:

On the Basis of Rules of Inheritance:

On the basis of rules of inheritance there are two types of joint family. They are given below:-

  1. Mitakshara Joint Family

  2. Daya Bhag joint family

Mitraxial joint family:

The mithraksha tradition of the joint family is based on the commentary of Yajna Valkya and Vigneswara. Succession rules are enforced throughout India with the exception of Bengal and Assam. Under this inheritance rule, we find the following characteristics:

(i) Ownership of property starts from the time of birth. In addition to fathers, sons also have equal rights in ancestral property during the father's lifetime.

(ii) There shall be no division of property among male members during the lifetime of the father, but sons shall have the right to property upon the death of the father.

(iii) Women do not have authority over family property like men.

(iv) Asset Management is the father's duty.

(v) If the family has debt, the father has the right to dispose of the family property to meet the debt.

Dax A Bhag Joint Family:

The Daya Bhag tradition is based on observations made by Gimutwan. According to the Daya Bhag tradition, we obtain the following characteristics:

(i) Ancestral property cannot be divided in the lifetime of the father.

(ii) There is no question of any right to ancestral property in the life of the father:

(iii) the head of the family has the exclusive right to manage, buy or dispose of the family property he desires, and his death raises the question of property division,

(iv) Women also have rights over property.

Therefore, we find that under the Mithrax Act, male members have rights on family property since birth, but the Mercy Day Act has no right to property since birth and only then will the property be divided by the death of the father. It is possible.

Under the Mitrakshaka Act, if a person dies, the remaining persons are equally entitled to property. On the other hand, under the Mercy Day Act, if a man dies leaving any son, the husband's share goes to the wife. In the Mitakshara Act only male members can claim property, but in Daya Bhag Act, widows can claim property. Under the Mitakshara Act, no one can dispose of family property, but there is no such limit in Daya Bhag. We have found that the Hindu joint family in this manner is based on the rules of inheritance and the preservation or disposal of property.

On the Basis of Relatives who are Members of Joint Family:

On the Basis of Relatives who are Members of Joint Family, There can be six types of families

Collateral joint family:

This includes two or more married couples, who have a brother-sister relationship. In this type, one brother and his wife and another brother and his wife usually live with unmarried children.

Complementary joint family:

It is a joint family with unmarried, divorced or widowed relatives. Complementary relatives are usually widowed mothers or married brothers or widowed fathers of unmarried siblings.

Linear joint family:

There are two couples living together between their parents and their married son, or between the parents and their married daughter for some time.

Complementary joint family:

It is a joint family of unmarried, divorced, or widowed relatives who do not belong to a decorated head nuclear family: for example, the father's widowed brother or son's wife is a married brother or sister.

Linear Collateral Joint Family:

Three or more pairs of this type are linear and collateral. For example, we may have a family with parents and their two or more married sons, couples having unmarried children.

Complementary Linear-Collateral Joint Family:

In this type, a linear collateral joint family plus married, widowed, estranged joint family plus married, widowed, relatives of any nuclear family (hereditary and collateral), e.g. the father’s widowed sister or brother or an unmarried nephew of the father.

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On the Basis of Authority:

On the basis of authority, There can be two types of families 

Matarichal joint family:

The Matarichal joint family is found in the Nairs of Malabar. The unique feature of Nambudri is that it separates their Ilom from the common family of other Hindus. The non-prejudice of its family property is a very unique feature. All Elum members have an interest in family property. But the members do not divide the property because the family property cannot be served if the property is divided. Another point is that the consent of all members is important.

Ilom is forever married to the eldest son. Although they refuse to marry other family members, they usually do not marry Nambudri women. They marry Nair women who live in parent families with their children. When the older brother fails to produce children, the next older brother marries his own ethnic girl to escape the family.

Big Brother is the head of the family. He has full control over the property and does not have the authority to sell, gift or otherwise dispose of any part of the property without the permission of all Ilom members. Although their younger brothers have no right to share, they still have the right to manage the family property.

Another characteristic of Ilom is that female members of the family have equal rights with men in property. For example, a sale or such separation is only valid if accepted by all female members of the family. Accordingly, the wife may separate the property created by her husband.

Therefore, the hallmarks of the ilom that distinguish it from the Hindu joint family are: (i) the non-separation of family property and (ii) the greater rights of female members in family property.

The parent family of the Nairs of Kerala is called 'Tharwad'. A Nair Tharwad is made up of a woman and her male children and her male children. The children of the sons are not included in this, because they belong to the Tharwad of their mothers.

The property of the family is Tarwad and the property is non-partial and individual members are not entitled to enforce the separation. The eldest member of the family is entrusted with property management responsibilities and is known as Karnavan. In this case, the older male is unable to manage the property due to a mental or physical disability, and the next senior male member will step in.

Karnavan has a more or less absolute right to family property, but he has no right to make a permanent separation from it. Any action that permanently alienates the property requires the explicit or implied consent of Tarawad members. If he is found to be in bad faith or indecent or unable to handle family affairs, Karnawat can be dismissed from office.

When Tarawad is large, it can be divided into smaller units known as his Tawazi with the consent of all Tarawad members. Every Tawazi, like a woman in Tharwad, has her daughters, sons, daughters and daughters. The property of Tharwad is equally divided among the Tawazis. After partition, the Tawazish members had no rights over the property of the parent Tharwad. But his relationship with Tarawad continues.

The patriarchal joint family:

The patriarchal joint family is found among all the tribal and patriarchal Hindus of Central India. Children, especially male members, do not leave their original families after marriage as a general rule. Therefore, the patriarchal joint has many families and many families.

As Hindus, we have a common family system across India. The head of the family or joint family member has the right to decide for his family because he is the head of the job and he decides all family matters.

To conclude, many specimens of the joint family are found in different parts of India. The various castes and tribes of India show a variety of family institutions, but basically all family institutions are patriarchal or paternal.

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Living in a joint family is no easy task. This requires a lot of cooperation and compromises that today's generation is not ready to make. There are parents who do common homework by recognizing each other's responsibilities and being friendly and supportive of each other. Ultimately it boils down to what we want and what is possible for us and our children.

Also Read: Love Status in Hindi | True Love Status | Love Status 2020

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